Forrec: End of Life Tyres and Environmental Impact

Forrec TX1600 shredder

When a tyre no longer guarantees safe and efficient performance to a vehicle, it becomes waste. It must therefore be collected for recovery and recycling, which takes place in special plants. 

The treatment of end-of-life tyres has always been a problem in all areas of the world. From the most industrialised areas, where the presence of many vehicles determines the presence of large quantities of waste, to the more remote areas where, unfortunately, this type of hazardous waste is stored in large, abandoned areas with harmful consequences for the environment and the health of people. 

Forrec and the Treatment of ELTs 

Thanks to Forrec systems it is possible to obtain a rubber granule with a size between 0.8 and 4 mm. This allows you to create innovative and eco-sustainable products that find application in very different sectors: from building products (e.g. panels for acoustic insulation and vibration damping) and for sports (e.g. football fields, multipurpose sports floors) to application for animal welfare. 

Recycled rubber is also used in the building sector, where it is used in the production of asphalt, cycle paths, street furniture and elements for road safety, and in the creation of modern design objects. 

End-of-life tyre rubber

Over time, however, we have noticed that the supply of granules of this size is much higher than the demand and sometimes the market value does not justify the investment in a plant of this type. For this reason, especially in some specific geographical areas, Forrec has activated projects aimed at obtaining a shredded rubber granule of reduced dimensions, usable as a high-efficiency fuel (given the high calorific value of rubber). Energy recovery from ELT-derived materials is mainly carried out in cement factories, whose high operating temperatures guarantee compliance with the emission limits and make it possible to make the most of the high calorific value of rubber, comparable to that of pet-coke. 

The TX1600 Shredder 

In the treatment of end-of-life tyres destined for the production of TDF (Tyre Derived Fuel), the most delicate phase is that of primary shredding. This treatment requires, in fact, that the output product has a well-defined dimensions and is not frayed. To meet the specific needs of this market segment, Forrec has developed the TX1600 shredder, which combines excellent performance, productivity and excellent ratio with production costs. 

The TX1600 shredder was created with the aim of responding to the specific demands of the market, without neglecting productivity, which must never fall below 5 t/hour for the treatment to be economically sustainable. 

TX1600 shredder shredding end-of-life tyres

 

The real innovation, however, is that the shredder is equipped with special "clean cut" blades to overcome the problem of fraying the steel wire contained in the rubber of the tyre. The product derived from shredding with this special double shaft shredder has such a quality that it is required in large quantities by cement factories as fuel, the so-called TDF "tyre derived fuel."

Forrec has already supplied a plant with the new technology to a customer in the United Arab Emirates who was looking for an effective solution for this specific need. 

Although in many geographical areas the problem of tyre disposal still proves to be a difficult obstacle to overcome, Forrec has shown that solutions can be successfully found and applied. 

About the author

Charlotte Nahon is the Communications and Digital Executive for Tyre & Rubber Recycling. Since 2018, Charlotte has been in the Digital and Communications sector, working in Canada as well as Spain. Her degree is in Communication Studies from the University of Ottawa, and ever since graduating she has been writing for multiple sectors including automotive, energy, education, pharmaceuticals and more. 

Email: charlotte.nahon@retreadingbusiness.com

Phone: (44) 1270 668 718

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